What Is Money Made Of? Materials Used For Money in 20+ Countries!

What Is Money Made Of?

Have you ever gone to pay for something in cash and wondered what money is made of? Well, you wouldn’t be alone.

Every day, we transact with our countries’ currency and most don’t know the actual ingredients used to create money.

In the United States, American paper currency is the country’s main form of money. The dollar is made out of 75% cotton and 25% linen. The people responsible for creating this money are the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, sometimes referred to as the BEP.

Although, the U.S. is not the only country with physical money. Below, you’ll find the exact ingredients used to create money in different countries around the world!

What Money Is Made of In Different Countries (In 2022)

The United States is one of the more popular countries which use physical money for transactions. However, there are plenty of other countries that transact with physical money as well.

United States

Currency: USD

Made Out Of: 75% cotton and 25% linen

United States Dollar First Introduced In: April 2, 1792

Symbol: $

United States Banknotes: $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100


Currency: CAD

Made Out Of: Synthetic Polymer

Canadian Dollar First Introduced In: 1934

Symbol: $ or C$

Canada Banknotes: CAD $5, CAD $10, CAD $20, CAD $50


Currency: EUR

Made Out Of: Cotton Fiber

Euro First Introduced In: January 1, 2002

Symbol: €

Italy Banknotes: €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200, €500


Currency: EUR

Made Out Of: Cotton Fiber

Euro First Introduced In: 2002

Symbol: €

Ireland Banknotes: €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200, €500


Currency: AUD

Made Out Of: Polymer

Australian Dollar First Introduced In: February 14, 1966

Symbol: $ or A$

Australia Banknotes: Australian five-dollar note, Australian ten-dollar note, Australian twenty-dollar note, Australian fifty-dollar note, Australian one-hundred-dollar note


Currency: SEK

Made Out Of: Cotton Fiber

Swedish Krona First Introduced In: 1873

Symbol: kr

Sweden Banknotes: 20 kr, 50 kr, 100 kr, 200 kr, 500 kr

United Kingdom

Currency: GBP

Made Out Of: Polymer

Pound Sterling First Introduced In: 1694

Symbol: £

United Kingdom Banknotes: £5, £10, £20, £50


Currency: ISK

Made Out Of: Reinforced Paper

Icelandic Króna First Introduced In: 1981

Symbol: kr or Íkr

Iceland Banknotes: 500 krónur, 1000 krónur, 2000 krónur, 5000 krónur, 10000 krónur


Currency: NOK

Made Out Of: Cotton Paper

Norwegian Krone First Introduced In: 1875

Symbol: kr

Norway Banknotes: 50 kr, 100 kr, 200 kr, 500 kr, 1000 kr


Currency: JPY

Made Out Of: Mitsumata, abaca pulp, and a few different other fibers.

Japanese Yen First Introduced In: 1869

Symbol: ¥

Japan Banknotes: ¥1, ¥5, ¥10, ¥50, ¥100, ¥500


Currency: EUR

Made Out Of: Cotton Fiber

Euro First Introduced In: January 1, 2002

Symbol: €

France Banknotes: €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200, €500


Currency: DKK

Made Out Of: Not Specified

Danish Krone First Introduced In: 1875

Symbol: Kr.

Denmark Banknotes: 50 kroner, 100 kroner, 200 kroner, 500 kroner, and 1000 kroner


Currency: JMD

Made Out Of: Polymer substrate

Jamaican Dollar First Introduced In: 1969

Symbol: $ or J$

Jamaica Banknotes: $50, $100, $500, $1000 and $5000


Currency: EUR

Made Out Of: Cotton Fiber

Germany First Introduced In: January 1, 2002

Symbol: €

Germany Banknotes: €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200, €500


Currency: MXN

Made Out Of: 20 peso and 50 peso made out of polymer, 100, 200, 500, and 1000 pesos made out of cotton paper.

Mexican Peso First Introduced In: 1821

Symbol: $ or Mex$

Mexico Banknotes: 20 peso, 50 peso, 100 peso, 200 peso, 500 peso, and 1000 peso

South Korea

Currency: KRW

Made Out Of: Not Specified

South Korean Won First Introduced In: 1950

Symbol: ₩

South Korea Banknotes: ₩1,000, ₩5,000, ₩10,000, ₩50,000


Currency: BRL

Made Out Of: Paper

Brazilian Real First Introduced In: 1994

Symbol: R$

Brazil Banknotes: R$2, R$5, R$10, R$20, R$50, R$100, R$200


Currency: Israeli new shekel

Made Out Of: Some made of paper and some polymer.

Israeli New Shekel First Introduced In: 1986

Symbol: ₪

Israel Banknotes: ₪20, ₪50, ₪100, ₪200


Currency: THB

Made Out Of: Cotton Fiber

Thai Baht First Introduced In: 1902

Symbol: ฿

Thailand Banknotes: ฿20, ฿50, ฿100, ฿500, ฿1000


Currency: EGP

Made Out Of: Polymer

Egyptian Pound First Introduced In: 1899

Symbol: E£ or  ج.م

Egypt Banknotes: 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 Egyptian pounds


Currency: PHP

Made Out Of: 80% cotton and 20% abaca

Philippine Peso First Introduced In: 1967

Symbol: ₱

Philippines Banknotes: ₱20, ₱50, ₱100, ₱200, ₱500, and ₱1000


Currency: INR

Made Out Of: Cotton

Indian Rupee First Introduced In: 1947

Symbol: ₹

India Banknotes: ₹10, ₹20, ₹50, ₹100 ₹200, ₹500, and ₹2000

Is Money Made From Trees?

No, money is not made from trees. In the United States, the dollar is actually made up of 75% cotton and 25% linen. No trees were used to create American dollars.

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