Overview of Florida Taxes
Florida, the Sunshine State, stands out for its lack of state income tax, which sets it apart from many other U.S states. Instead, it leans on sales taxes, which are comparably higher than the national average. Nevertheless, it compensates for this with property tax rates that remain modest and under the national average, creating a unique fiscal balance.
To use the Florida income tax calculator, simply input your desired salary and filing status to begin.
2023/24 Florida Income Tax Calculator
Florida is often touted as a tax-friendly state, particularly due to its absence of a state income tax. However, the full picture is more nuanced, taking into account property taxes, sales tax, and other levies such as tolls. In this analysis, we dive deep into Florida’s tax landscape to provide a comprehensive view.
Get your biggest refund for FREE with Intuit TurboTax. For simple tax returns only. See if you qualify.
View our advertiser disclosure here.
State Income Tax
Absence of State Income Tax
- Unique Selling Proposition: Florida is one of the seven U.S. states without a state income tax.
- Impact on Business: This absence lures entrepreneurs, high-net-worth individuals, and corporations. However, some critics argue that this lack of income tax shifts the burden onto other types of taxation.
- Average Rates: The average property tax rate is around 0.98%, which is slightly below the national average of 1.08%.
- County Differences: Rates can vary from 0.5% to 1.5% depending on the county. Coastal areas like Miami-Dade or Palm Beach often have higher rates.
- Eligibility: Homeowners who use their Florida home as their permanent residence and who owned the property on January 1 of the tax year can claim a $25,000 exemption applied to the first $50,000 of the property’s assessed value.
- Coverage: This exemption applies to all taxes, including school district taxes.
- Impact: For homeowners who qualify, the exemption can make a notable difference in their overall tax liability, especially when combined with the state’s relatively moderate average property tax rate.
State and Local Variations
- Base Rate: Florida has a base state sales tax of 6%.
- Local Taxes: Counties can impose an additional 1–2.5%, making the overall sales tax rate range from 7–8.5%.
- Groceries and Medicine: Most groceries and prescription medicines are exempt from sales tax.
Prevalence and Cost
- Ubiquity: Toll roads are common, especially around major cities like Orlando and Miami.
- Price Fluctuations: Rates differ based on the time of day, ranging from $0.50 to $10.00.
Previous Florida Income Taxes
In Florida, you don’t have to worry about state income tax because there isn’t any! That’s right, Florida is one of the few states in the U.S. where residents don’t pay state income taxes.
So, there are no tax brackets to change over time. However, it’s a different story when it comes to federal income taxes. These are the taxes collected by the U.S. government, and everyone has to pay them, no matter what state you live in.
The brackets for federal taxes—meaning the different levels at which you’re taxed—have changed a lot over the years. Different Presidents and Congresses have adjusted them, sometimes to keep up with inflation, which is when the cost of things goes up.